Seizoensgebondenheid van truffel

Seizoensgebondenheid van de truffel

Er zijn negen soorten truffels in Italië die eetbaar zijn, maar slechts zes die algemeen verkrijgbaar zijn: Bianco pregiato, Nero pregiato, Scorzone, Marzuolo, Invernale en Nero liscio.
Aroma is o zo belangrijk omdat het je smaakzin sterk beïnvloedt. Witte truffels hebben een “gebalanceerde en delicate geur van knoflook, hooi en honing” en mogen nooit gekookt worden. Hun smaak is subliminaal wanneer ze vers worden geschoren over risotto, pasta of roerei.
Zwarte truffels daarentegen verweven hun aardse smaak in gerechten tijdens het kookproces, zoals bij kaasfondue of sappige braadstukken. Ze kunnen ook vers worden geraspt over pasta, eieren of gebakken champignons op geroosterde croutons.
Infuseer zachte, ongezouten boter met fijn geraspte truffels om van te genieten met een vers, knapperig stokbrood, gebakken aardappelen, of om over vlees te strijken voor het opdienen.
Volle rode wijnen passen goed bij truffelgerechten en in Piemonte vindt u ongetwijfeld precies wat u zoekt in een van de intieme boetiekwijnhuizen in de regio.

Truffel Seizoenen Kalender


The precious white truffle or Tuber Magnatum Pico is the truffle par excellence. It is born and grows only in Istria and Piedmont, where it takes the name of Alba Truffle. It lives in symbiosis with oaks, willows, lime trees and poplars, but it can also be found in black hornbeam and hazelnut trees. The appearance is globular, with irregularities on the peridium whose surface is slightly velvety. The color varies from cream to ochre and remains constant even when fully ripe. The gleba is white and yellow-greyish marbled with white veins. It is extremely aromatic, reminiscent of the smell of Parmesan cheese. It requires a soft and humid soil with good ventilation.

It is usually harvested between mid-September and December.


The Bianchetto or Marzuolo or Tuber Borchii Vittadini truffle is widespread throughout the Italian peninsula. It has similar characteristics to the white truffle because it has depressions on the peridium, it is smooth and of off-white color. In reality when it reaches maturity it becomes dark both inside and outside. Moreover, it differs from the more prized variant for its aroma: soft at the beginning, tending to assume strong tones of garlic afterwards. Its commercial value is lower than white. It prefers calcareous soils and deciduous woods such as turkey oaks, holm oaks and downy oaks, or conifers such as larches, cedars, firs and some species of pine.

The harvest takes place between mid-January and mid-April.


The fine black truffle or Tuber Melanosporum Vittadini is also known as the truffle of Norcia, Spoleto or truffle de Perigord. The peridium is quite homogeneous, the surface is blackish brown with rust red shades, the gleba is clear with light and thin veins. The shape is rounded with warts or lobes. The scent is pleasantly intense, aromatic and fruity. It prefers hills and mountains with little vegetation. It lives in symbiosis with downy oaks, holm oaks, Turkey oaks, lime trees, hazelnuts, black hornbeams and cistus plants. After the white truffle, this species is the most prized. It is widespread in Italy, Spain and France.

Usually the harvest is between mid-November and mid-March, but the regional administrations every year determine the exact period.


The black summer truffle or Scorzone or Tuber Aestivum Vittadini resembles the precious black truffle, but it stands out because at the moment of cutting the gleba has a dark yellow color. The surface has almost pointed warts, the smell is delicate. This variety can reach remarkable dimensions. It grows in clayey and sandy soils, from the plain up to 1000 meters. Depending on the altitude, it can be found in symbiosis with downy oak, oak, hornbeam, beech, hazelnut, or with downy oak, holm oak, oak, pine or hazel.

Harvesting takes place between mid-May and the end of August.


The black winter truffle or Tuber Brumale Vittadini is easily confused with fine black truffle. The surface is black-brown with small warts, while the gleba is dark with marble veins. The scent is intense and persistent with musky tones, and in the nutmeg variant reminiscent of the famous spice. It can be found in plants such as oak, oak, downy oak, beech, holm oak, black pine, larch, black and white hornbeam or hazelnut. Its economic value is half that of the precious black truffle.

The harvest goes from January to mid-March.


The smooth black truffle or Tuber Macrosporum Vittadini is the least known and least commercialized variety, but it is still one of the most appreciated. The surface is smooth and the lines are minimal gibbous. The smell is distinct and pleasant. This species loves oaks, poplars, lime trees, willows, willows, hazelnuts and black hornbeams.

The harvest period is between July and the end of December.